Thursday 21 Sep 2017

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THE HISTORY OF OPATIJA.

The history of Opatija goes back to 1453, when Benedictine monks founded a small monastery where today the church of St. James (Sveti Jakov) stands. This monastery is the origin of the name of the town: both the croatian name Opatija and the italian name Abbazia mean 'abbey'. It took until the time of the French occupation under Napoleon (1809?1813) before a village developed around the monastery. In 1844, the wealthy tradesman Iginio Scarpa from Rijeka built a villa in this quiet village and named it Villa Angiolina after his wife. When Empress Maria Anna, wife of the Austrian ex-emperor Ferdinand I of Austria, came to Opatija on medical advice in 1860, the place developed quickly into a fashionable sea resort. The most famous guests were Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria and the German Emperor Wilhelm II who met here in 1894. The popularity of Opatija during that time was comparable to that of Nizza or Monaco. The two World Wars brought an end to the popularity of Opatija and it took until 1957 for a new beginning of the spa tradition.


THE MAID WITH THE SEA-GULL.

maid with sea-gull

It is the work of the sculptor Zvonko Car. It's placed near the sea in 1956 and became one of the symbols of Opatija.


ST.
JACOV’S CHURCH.

St. Jakov's Church

Built on the foundations of the past Benedictine monastery, it is mentioned for the first time in 1439. To the left, near the church, the monastery and the cloister are located, with a well in the middle. Between the church and the monastery stands the stone bell-tower.

beach Opatija

vieuw Opatija

park Opatija

Fountain in the 1st of May park

vieuw Opatija

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